AskDefine | Define carp

Dictionary Definition



1 the lean flesh of a fish that is often farmed; can be baked or braised
2 any of various freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae v : raise trivial objections [syn: cavil, chicane]

User Contributed Dictionary




carp (plural: carp or carps)
  1. Any of various freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae, especially the common carp, Cyprinus carpio.

See also


  • Afrikaans: karp
  • Albanian: krap
  • Bosnian: šaran
  • Bulgarian: шаран
  • Catalan: carpa
  • Croatian: šaran
  • Czech: kapr
  • Dutch: karper
  • Esperanto: karpo
  • Finnish: karppi
  • French: carpe
  • German: Karpfen
  • Greek: κυπρίνος (kiprinos) , σαζάνι (sazani)
  • Hebrew: קרפיון (qarpion)
  • Hungarian: ponty
  • Icelandic: vatnakarfi
  • Italian: carpa
  • Japanese: (こい, koi)
  • Korean: 잉어 ing-eo
  • Latin: carpa
  • Persian: كپور (Kapur)
  • Portuguese: carpa
  • Polish: karp
  • Romanian: crap
  • Russian: карп (karp) , сазан (sazán) wild carp
  • Serbian:
    Cyrillic: шаран
    Roman: šaran
  • Slovak: kapor
  • Slovene: krap
  • Spanish: carpa
  • Swedish: karp
  • Turkish: sazan
  • Ukrainian: короп


  1. To complain about a fault; to harp on.

Extensive Definition

Carp is a common name for various freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae, a very large group of fishes originally from Eurasia and southeast Asia. Some consider all cyprinid fishes carp and the family Cyprinidae itself is often known as the carp family. In colloquial use, however, carp usually refers only to several larger cyprinid species such as Cyprinus carpio (common carp), Carassius carassius (Crucian carp), Ctenopharyngodon idella (grass carp), Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp), and Hypophthalmichthys nobilis (bighead carp). Carp have long been an important food fish to humans, as well as popular ornamental fishes (see koi and goldfish). As a result, carp have been introduced to various locations, though with mixed results.

Ornamental carp

Carp, along with many of their cyprinid relatives, are popular ornamental aquarium and pond fish. The two most notable ornamental carps are goldfish and koi. Goldfish (Carassius auratus) were kept as ornamental fish in China for hundreds of years before being introduced to Japan in the 15th century, and to Europe in the late 17th century. The koi, a domesticated variety of common carp (Cyprinus carpio), also originated from China and spread widely in Japan. The koi are historically a prevalent symbol in Japanese culture of good luck. They are shown in competitive fish shows like those at the All-Japan exhibition. They are also popular in other parts of the world as pond fish. Goldfish and koi have advantages over most ornamental fishes, as they are tolerant of cold (they can survive in temperatures as low as 4 degrees Celsius), and can survive at low oxygen levels.

As a Sport Fish

Carp are similarly variable in terms of angling value. In Europe, even when not fished for food, they are eagerly sought out by anglers, being considered highly prized coarse fish that are difficult to hook. In the United States, the carp is also classified as a coarse fish as well as damaging naturalized exotic species but with sporting qualities. Many anglers in North America are now beginning to discover what the rest of the world has know for some time, as the sport of carp specific angling grows at a staggering pace. Many states' departments of natural resources are beginning to view the carp as an angling opportunity instead of a maligned pest. Groups such as the Carp Anglers Group and American Carp Society have continued to promote the sport and are working hand in hand with fisheries departments to organize events to introduce and expose others to the unique opportunity the carp offers freshwater anglers. In a stunning example of the growing popularity of carp angling, the American Carp Society held a tournament in March of 2006 in Austin Texas that paid out $275,000 to the winners.
Sir Isaac Walton said this about carp in his work The Compleat Angler The Carp is the queen of rivers; a stately, a good, and a very subtil fish; that was not at first bred, nor hath been long in England, but is now naturalised.

Types of carp

See also


carp in Bulgarian: Шаран
carp in Danish: Karpe
carp in German: Karpfen
carp in Spanish: Cyprinidae
carp in French: Carpe (poisson)
carp in Hebrew: קרפיון
carp in Dutch: Karper
carp in Japanese: コイ
carp in Polish: Karp
carp in Romanian: Crap
carp in Russian: Карп
carp in Simple English: Carp
carp in Finnish: Karppi
carp in Swedish: Karp
carp in Vietnamese: Cá chép
carp in Turkish: Sazan balığı
carp in Chinese: 鲤鱼

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

bug, bully, bullyrag, carp at, catch at straws, cavil, complain, criticize, cut up, fault-find, find fault, fret at, fuss at, gripe, hassle, henpeck, knock, nag, nibble at, niggle, nitpick, peck at, pester, pettifog, pick at, pick holes, pick on, pick to pieces, pull apart, pull to pieces, quibble, take exception, tear apart, tear to pieces, yap at
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